quaggy adj : (of soil) soft and watery; "the ground was boggy under foot"; "a marshy coastline"; "miry roads"; "wet mucky lowland"; "muddy barnyard"; "quaggy terrain"; "the sloughy edge of the pond"; "swampy bayous" [syn: boggy, marshy, miry, mucky, muddy, sloughy, swampy] [also: quaggiest, quaggier]
The River Quaggy (often the Quaggy River or simply Quaggy) is an urban river, 17 km in length, passing through the south-east London boroughs of Bromley, Greenwich and Lewisham; it is known as the Kyd Brook, in its upper reaches. The river rises from two sources near Farnborough Hospital at Locksbottom and is a tributary of the River Ravensbourne which it flows into near Lewisham station in Lewisham. A long stretch of Kyd Brook is visible in Hawkwood, an area of open farmland and countryside upstream of Chislehurst and is owned and managed by the National Trust, but open to the public free of charge. From there the river flows northwards through Sundridge Park Golf Course then on across Chinbrook Meadows between Chinbrook and Grove Park, then through the outer parts of Mottingham and Middle Park into Sutcliffe Park an the edge of Eltham. The river then flows west through southern Kidbrooke and Blackheath then finally through Lee and its park Manor House Gardens into Lewisham where it joins the River Ravensbourne next to Lewisham station.
As part of the Ravensbourne catchment area the river is kept constantly under inspection by the Environment Agency, which issues flood warnings when applicable.
River EngineeringIn the 1960s the River Quaggy within Chinbrook Meadows and other parks was channelized into long straight concrete culverts to alleviate flooding. In Chinbrook Meadows the channelized river was closed off behind tall hedges and iron fences, this cut the park in two with the larger part to the east of the river. In the early 2000s however the concrete channel with its fences and hedges was demolished and river was remodeled to give a natural, meandering appearance with a small flood plain; this was to encourage wild plants and animals back to the area and to be more pleasant and attractive for the public. There are several wooden foot bridges over the river, that replaced the concrete ones with iron fences. The regeneration was completed on 1 October 2002 and cost a reported £1.1million. Since the restoration Chinbrook Meadows has won the Green Flag Award in two years in a row. . Shortly After the regeneration was completed the Quaggy was given a similar regeneration further down stream within Sutcliffe Park, a mile and a half to the north.
NameThe name has existed for quite a long while; references to it can be found in numerous works of British fiction in the 19th and 20th centuries, for example in Edith Nesbit's The New Treasure Seekers. The name probably originated from the words quagmire and quaggy; but it has now become a proper noun as opposed to an adjective or common noun.
Other namesThe river has been known by other names. Today Kyd Brook usually refers to the river in its upper reaches in Chislehurst and Farnborough. The place Kidbrooke took its name from the river but is on its lower reaches, but there are two tributaries here called Middle Kid Brook and Lower Kid Brook. The place Chinbrook is derived from "Chin Brook" which was another alternative name for the Quaggy River in that area at the turn of the twentieth century.
TributariesThe River Quaggy itself is a tributary of the River Ravensbourne which in turn flows into the River Thames. The Quaggy also has several small and named tributaries of its own, they are:
- Main Branch (3.7 km)
- East Branch (2.2 km), the two branches rise in Locksbottom flow north and join together at Petts Wood
- Milk Street Ditch (0.3 km), rises near and is named after Milk Street in Sundridge, it flows east and joins the Quaggy in Sundrige Park Golf Course.
- Grove Park Ditch (0.5 km), rises in Lower Marvels Wood, Mottingham, flows west and joins the Quaggy in Chinbrook Meadows.
- Little Quaggy (0.7 km), rises in Mottingham, flows west and joins the Quaggy near Horn Park
- Lower Kid Brooke (2.5 km), rises in Well Hall, Eltham and flows southeast splitting into two distributaries before and joining the Quaggy in southern Blackheath.
- Middle Kid Brooke (1.9 km), rises in Kidbrooke and flows southest splitting into two distributaries before joining the Quaggy in Lee. These tributaries give their name to Kidbrooke.
- Quaggy Hither Green (1 km), rises in Hither Green and flows north joining the Quaggy north of Hither Green railway station.
quaggy in Norwegian: Quaggy
quaggy in Russian: Квогги